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International Cooperation

Bilateral Cooperation

Basic Direction

The basic direction of bilateral cooperation with WMO member countries is :

  • To raise the level of meteorological technology through close cooperation with advanced countries in meteorology and neighboring countries
  • To promote cooperation in specialized meteorological areas with the member countries, taking into consideration their advanced meteorological technologies
  • To promote meteorological projects on improving technology and enhancing its practical use, in order to resolve pending issues and difficulties
  • To increase cooperation with developing countries gradually, including supporting them in the advancement of meteorological services.
Cooperation with China

An arrangement on cooperation between the Korea Meteorological Administration (KMA) and the China Meteorological Administration (CMA) in the field of meteorological science and technology was made on 11 July 1994. It includes the following cooperative areas :

  • Establishment of the Beijing-Seoul Meteorological Telecommunication Circuit
  • Promotion of cooperation projects on advanced technology, its application and development
  • Exchange of knowledge, techniques, and methods on numerical weather prediction and climate change
  • Services related to observation, forecasting and warning of disastrous weather phenomena
  • Exchange of techniques developed in the field of telecommunication, satellite image analysis, and data processing
  • Marine meteorology.

Since the signing of the agreement on the establishment of the Beijing-Seoul Meteorological Telecommunication Circuit reached on 11 July 1994, the Beijing-Seoul meteorological circuit has been functioning as one of the regional circuits of WMO GTS within the framework of the World Weather Watch Programme. The two Services have held the Session of the Joint Working Group on Cooperation in the Field of Meteorology seven times and exchanged meteorological experts and conducted joint projects.

The Busan Regional Meteorological Office, KMA, established cooperative relations with the Zhejiang Provincial Meteorological Bureau, CMA, in the field of meteorological sciences and technology on 14 April 1998. Since then, they have carried out technical cooperative activities, including personnel exchanges on marine meteorology, weather radar, automatic weather observation, etc. The two Services meet every year to discuss and review the joint activities.

The Daejeon Regional Meteorological Office, KMA, also signed an arrangement on cooperation on meteorological sciences and technology with the Tianjin Municipal Meteorological Bureau, CMA, on 16 May 2000. The two organizations agreed to cooperate in the following fields: operational weather forecast techniques, meteorological observations and operational techniques, urban and marine meteorological services, operation and application of weather radar system, and operation of automatic weather observing equipment, among others. Each Service sends its delegation to the opposite side every year to hold a meeting on cooperative activities.

The Gwangju Regional Meteorological Office, KMA, and the Liaoning Provincial Meteorological Bureau, CMA made an arrangement on meteorological cooperation on 13 May 2002. Their cooperative areas include: practical weather forecast techniques; meteorological observation and management techniques; specialized meteorological services; meteorological forecast techniques on urban environment; and others.

The Jeju Regional Meteorological Office, KMA, and Jiangsu Provincial Meteorological Bureau, CMA, made an arrangement on meteorological cooperation on 28 October 2002.

The Gangwon Regional Meteorological Office, KMA, made an arrangement on meteorology with the Jilin Provincial Meteorological Bureau, CMA, on 23 October 2003.

Also, KMA made an arrangement with the China Seismological Bureau on cooperation in the field of seismological sciences and technology on 26 July 2001 in Seoul. The two services carry out cooperative activities in the following areas: seismological observation, seismological analysis, earthquake prediction, earthquake hazard analysis, and others.

Cooperation with Australia

A memorandum of understanding (MOU) between KMA and the Australia Bureau of Meteorology on cooperation in meteorology was exchanged on 26 February 1996. The areas of cooperation under this MOU include: numerical weather prediction, telecommunication, and aeronautical meteorology. The Joint Working Group has met four times to date - in February (Seoul), in May 1996 (Melbourne and Canberra), in May 1999 (Geneva) and in 2004 (Seoul) - to review activities under this MOU and to determine plans for future activities.

Cooperation with Russian Federation

KMA and the Russian Federal Service for Hydrometeorology and Environmental Monitoring (Roshydromet) reached an arrangement on scientific and technological cooperation in the field of Meteorology on 6 May 1999. Since then, the two Services have held four meetings in Moscow and Seoul in 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2004.

Cooperation with Germany

In order to improve the cooperation between German meteorological service, Deutscher Wetterdienst (DWD), and KMA in scientific and technical areas of meteorology and related sciences, a cooperation arrangement was signed in February 2000. Cooperative areas include: weather analysis and forecasting; numerical weather prediction; climatology, including climate consultancy; atmospheric dispersion; human biometeorology; agricultural meteorology; remote sensing and satellite meteorology; and commercial meteorological activities. The first meeting was held at DWD Headquarters in Offenbach from 11 to 16 July 2000. The two Services have held two meetings to date in Offenbach in 2000 and in Seoul in 2004.

Cooperation with USA

An arrangement between the U.S. National Weather Service (NWS) and KMA on cooperation in meteorology and hydrology was signed on 20 September 2000. The areas of cooperation under this arrangement include: operational weather forecasting, meteorological observations, meteorological telecommunications, aeronautical meteorology, and satellite meteorology. Activities include the exchange of operational meteorologists, technicians, research scientists and technical experts; joint research projects, seminars, workshops, symposia and technical conferences; and training in specialized fields. The two sides have held the coordination meeting three times so far in 2001, 2003 and 2006, respectively.

Cooperation with Japan

Since 20 December 1985, when the government of the Republic of Korea and the government of Japan made an agreement on the Cooperation in the Field of Science and Technology, the Japanese-Korean Joint Committee on Cooperation in Science and Technology has been in operation. Its first meeting was held in Seoul from 4 to 5 August 1986, and since then the Committee has met twelve times, alternately in Seoul and Japan, to discuss and examine policy issues on the cooperation in science and technology, including the science and technology policies of the two countries, cooperation between the services, exchange of information and human resources, joint research, etc. KMA conducts cooperative projects with Japanese institutes/organizations through the Committee. Also, KMA discusses expert exchange programs with the Japan Meteorological Agency, and carries out technical visits every year.

Cooperation with Mongolia

An arrangement between the Mongolia National Agency for Meteorology, Hydrology and Environment Monitoring (NAMHEM) and KMA on cooperation in meteorology and hydrology was signed on 29 May 2003.

Cooperation with the Islamic Republic of Iran

An arrangement between the Islamic Republic of Iran Meteorological Organization and KMA for the cooperation in the field of Meteorology was signed on 17 February 2005. The areas of cooperation under this Arrangement are :

  1. (a) climate prediction, modeling and monitoring
  2. (b) short-term weather forecasting
  3. (c) early warning systems for marine meteorology, floods, drought and other meteorological occurrences
  4. (d) the application of new technologies in meteorology; and
  5. (e) urban climatology.
Other

Linkage with ASEAN
In 2005, a formal linkage between KMA and the ASEAN Sub-Committee on Meteorology and Geophysics (SCMG) was established to promote and strengthen cooperation activities in the area of meteorology between the KMA and SCMG. In October 2006, a training workshop for utilization of NWP products was held in Seoul as part of the practical implementation of the cooperation activities.

Signed a MOU with EUMETSAT
As further evidence of our commitment to cooperation with other organizations, we signed a Memorandum of Understanding in November 2006 with the European Organization for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites.