Since joining the World Meteorological Organization (WMO) in 1956, as Korea has been playing a more active role in the international community, KMA has been expanding its role in the international cooperation through WMO programmes. As a part of the World Weather Watch (WWW) Programme, KMA operates 41 synoptic stations and 5 upper-air stations. KMA has joined 8 Technical Committees and the Regional Association II (Asia) under WMO. KMA has both actively participated in, and hosted, various seminars, workshops, meetings and conferences of WMO.
The twelfth session of the Regional Association (RA) II (Asia) was held in Seoul, from 19 to 27 September 2000. About 120 people participated in the session, including seventy-six delegates from twenty-eight countries. RA II, now composed of thirty-four members, meets every four years to discuss matters of general interest and coordinate meteorological and operational hydrological activities within its Region.
During this session, RA II discussed and made decisions about activities and implementations of WMO Programmes and other activities in the Region. At this meeting, the late Dr. Sung-Euii Moon, Administrator of KMA, was elected President of RA II.
Twelfth Session Regional Association Ⅱ(Asia)
The extraordinary session of the Commission for Basic Systems (CBS) was held in Seoul, from 9 to 16 November 2006. Around 200 people from seventy countries and international organizations participated in the session. The CBS meets normally every four years and in-between extra-ordinary session as held in Seoul in 2006 could take place by decision of WMO Congress or the Executive Council to study and make recommendations to Congress and the Executive Council on subjects within its terms of reference and in particular on matters directly referred to the commission by Congress and the Executive Council.
Extra session of the Commission for Basic Systems, November 2006, Seoul
KMA started to deliver training to foreigners through opening the Training Course on Weather Forecasting for Operational Meteorologists from the year 1998 with financial support from the Korean government. The course was designed to train operational meteorologists in Asia and the Pacific region, to improve cooperation among these countries and mitigate damages caused by weather.
In 2006, as it changed the subject of the course from weather forecasting for operational meteorologists into the information and communication technologies (ICT) for meteorological services, KMA shifted the target audience of the training course from the forecasters into engineers or observation experts, aiming to increase the abilities to use WMO basic IT technologies and the state-of-the-art IT technologies applied to WMO pilot projects; to understand various ICT for the provision of weather information, including NWP products; to understand and gain the techniques for agrometeorological information, including the use of the World Agro-Meteorological Information Service (WAMIS); an to gain the techniques for the establishment and management of the Automatic Weather Station (AWS) Network, including real-time data collection
KMA also opens some training courses or programs on the basis of the availability of the fund. One of these held in 2007 was the Expert Program for Climate Prediction in Asia-Pacific under the auspice of the Korea International Cooperation Agency (KOICA), whose objectives were to enhance their professional knowledge on climate prediction; to acquire the innovative techniques on climate prediction for operational use during the course of their services; and to exchange more effectively the information on regional climate prediction.
Another course titled Analysis of the Communication, Ocean, and Meteorological Satellite (COMS) Data also opened in 2007. The objectives of this course are to introduce the COMS which is the first Geostationary Meteorological Satellite launched by Korea in 2009; to enhance overall knowledge about meteorological satellite how to receive and use the data in their own countries to form a user community to share various information on COMS that would cover the Asia-Pacific area, etc.
Training Course on the Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) for Meteorological Services, June 2007, Seoul
Training Course on Analysis of COMS Data
(17 September 2007, KMA, Seoul)
Under the auspices of the Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), and the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), the Typhoon Committee was constituted in 1968 with a view to promoting and coordinating efforts for minimizing topical cyclone damage in the Asian and Pacific Region.
The ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee meets every year, and is currently composed of 14 Members. The Typhoon Committee maintains and implements action programmes under the five components of meteorology, hydrology, disaster prevention and preparedness, training, and research with contributions and cooperation from its members and assistance by the UNDP, ESCAP, WMO and other agencies.
The government of the Republic of Korea hosted the twenty-third and thirty-second sessions of the ESCAP/WMO Typhoon Committee in Seoul during the periods of 13-19 November 1990 and 23-29 November 1999, respectively. KMA hosted the Workshop on Typhoon Forecasting Research in Jeju from 25 to 28 September 2001.
The final goal of the project is to reduce natural disasters in the Asia-Pacific region through international cooperation for more effective exchange of real-time climate information among the APEC member economies. Establishment of the APEC Climate Network (APCN) was proposed at the 16th APEC Industrial Science and Technology Working Group (ISTWG) meeting in March 1999 in Hong Kong, China, and approved at the 17th APEC ISTWG meeting in August 1999 in Seattle, USA. KMA held the first APCN Working Group Meeting in May 2001, and the second APCN Working Group and the first APCN Steering Committee meetings in May 2002 in Seoul.